What are adenoids?

Adenoids, also referred to as pharyngeal tonsils, are crucial little clusters of tissue tucked away at the back of the throat, right behind the nose and the roof of the mouth. Acting as defenders of the body, these small organs play a significant role in the immune system by protecting against infections. They are particularly active during early childhood, tirelessly fighting against various bacteria and viruses that may find their way into the body through the nose and throat. However, as an individual grows older, typically entering adolescence or early adulthood, a natural process takes place causing the adenoids to decrease in size. This reduction is a result of a decline in their activity and importance within the immune system. While they may still have some functionality in adulthood, their prominence gradually diminishes, often reaching their smallest size by the time a person reaches full adulthood. The shrinking of the adenoids serves as a clear indication of the changing dynamics of the immune system as an individual transitions from childhood to adulthood, symbolizing the shift in focus from fighting off common childhood illnesses to adapting to the challenges of the adult immune system.

Healthy Adenoid & Enlarged Adenoid
Enlargement of adenoids can cause obstructive symptoms, such as sleep problems such as snoring or obstructive sleep apnea, rhinorrhea or nasal congestion, and frequent ear infections.

What is Adenoidectomy?

An adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure that is primarily performed on children. The adenoids are small glands located in the back of the throat, specifically behind the nasal cavity. If these glands become enlarged or infected, they can cause various health problems for children. One common issue is breathing difficulties, as the enlarged adenoids can obstruct the airway. This can result in snoring, mouth breathing, and sleep apnea. In addition, children with enlarged adenoids are more prone to frequent ear infections, as the adenoids can block the Eustachian tubes that connect the middle ear to the back of the throat. This can lead to pain, hearing loss, and even speech delays.

Adenoidectomy procedure in Hong Kong

To address these health issues, adenoidectomy is often recommended. The procedure involves removing the adenoids through the mouth while the child is under general anesthesia. This allows the surgeon to safely access and remove the adenoids without causing any discomfort to the child. Adenoidectomy is considered a common and safe procedure, with a high success rate in improving breathing and reducing the frequency of infections in children. Once the adenoids are removed, children often experience improved sleep quality, reduced snoring, and a decreased risk of ear infections.

Adenoidectomy benefits

It is important to note that an adenoidectomy is typically only recommended when non-surgical treatments, such as medication or breathing exercises, have proven ineffective in improving the child’s condition. The decision to proceed with an adenoidectomy is made by a healthcare professional, such as an otolaryngologist, who specializes in ear, nose, and throat conditions. They will carefully evaluate the child’s symptoms, conduct a physical examination, and potentially order additional tests, such as X-rays or a sleep study. Based on these findings, they will determine whether an adenoidectomy is the appropriate course of action.

In conclusion, an adenoidectomy is a surgical procedure that is commonly performed on children with enlarged or infected adenoids. By removing these glands, the surgery aims to improve breathing and reduce the frequency of infections. It is a safe and effective procedure that can provide relief for children who are experiencing breathing difficulties or frequent ear infections. If your child is experiencing these symptoms, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the best course of treatment.

The information on this website is for general educational purpose only. Readers should consult their physician before considering treatment, and should not interpret their condition solely based on the information above.